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Those concerned about both heart disease and diabetes should focus on a healthy diet: one that is high in fiber and whole grains, with a variety of fruits and vegetables and that is low in fat, particularly saturated fat.
Diabetes, a metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar because either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).
There are three main types of diabetes mellitus (DM).
Both those with diabetes and heart disease must be very conscious of health and diet choices. The American Diabetes Association recommends that 60–70% of caloric intake should be in the form of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are often based off the glycemic index, choosing foods low on the GI scale to stabilize blood sugar levels.
The glycemic index range is as follows:
Low GI = 55 or less
Medium GI = 56 - 69
High GI = 70 or more
|Wheat Pasta Shapes||54|
|White Long Grain Rice||50|
|Instant White Rice||87|
|Short Grain White Rice||83|
|Fresh Mashed Potatoes||73|
|Instant Mashed Potatoes||80|